The Belarusan Autocephalous Orthodox Church
Belarus (formerly known as Byelorussia or White Russia) was for many centuries a part of the Russian Empire and later the Soviet Union. When united to Russia, the countrys mostly Orthodox population was part of the Russian Orthodox Church.
When Moscows authority was weakened because of the chaos that followed the 1917 revolution, unsuccessful attempts were made in 1922 and 1927 to establish an autocephalous Orthodox church in Belarus. Under Nazi occupation during the Second World War, the Germans supported both the revival of religious practice and the creation of separate Orthodox churches in non-Russian areas in order to weaken the allegiance of local populations to Moscow. Under these conditions, a Belarusan Orthodox Sobor (convention) held in Minsk in 1942 declared the church autocephalous. By 1944 there were ten hierarchs in nine dioceses in the new Belarusan Autocephalous Orthodox Church (BAOC). But after the Soviet armies returned, the Orthodox in Belarus were again absorbed into the Moscow Patriarchate and the autocephalous bishops fled to the West.
In 1946 those bishops joined the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia, which has since reconciled with the Moscow Patriarchate. Bishop Siarhiej Okhotenko of the non-canonical Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (also in exile) was then charged with reestablishing the BAOC. In 1949 Basil Tamashchyk was ordained as his auxiliary bishop. As Belarusans in refugee camps in Germany began new lives elsewhere, Archbishop Siarhiej moved with them to Australia and Bishop Basil to the United States. In 1972, soon after the death of both these bishops, a BAOC Sobor meeting in New Jersey raised the churchs status to metropolitanate and elected Bishop Andrey Kryt as first Metropolitan and primate.
Just before the death of Metropolitan Kryt in 1983, a dissident group split away under the leadership of Archbishop Mikalay Maciukevich in Toronto. After Archbishop Mikalay’s death in 2002, the two groups were reconciled under Metropolitan Iziaslau Brucki in New York, who had succeeded Metropolitan Kryt as primate in 1984. Soon after the death of Metropolitan Iziaslau in 2007, Bishop Svyatoslav of Novogrudok and North America was named Administrator of the BAOC. By early 2012 the BAOC had four parishes in the US, three in Australia, and one each in Canada and the United Kingdom served by a total of five priests.
The BAOC has not been recognized by any Orthodox church. Following the independence of Belarus in 1991, there have been some attempts to re-establish an autocephalous church in that country, but these have been vigorously suppressed by the government. There is a small worshipping community in Minsk served by one priest.
Location: United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2012
Head: Bishop Svyatoslav of Novogrudok and North America (born 1964, elected 2008)
Title: Administrator of the Belarusan Autocephalous Orthodox Church
Residence: Brooklyn, New York